Shalom, everyone! Rosh Chodesh Adar, the first day of the Twelfth Month, begins sundown Thursday, February 11, 2021, on the Hebrew calendar, with the sighting of the new moon (first visible crescent). “Chodesh Tov” (“A Good Month”) from Bnei Yisrael Society to all who celebrate!
About This Month
Adar is the Twelfth Month of the ecclesiastical Hebrew calendar and the last month of the regular festival/religious year. Archaeological sources suggest that prior to the Babylonian Exile, this month was known as Hayir. The word “Hayir” is a Canaanite-Phoenician word meaning “white (of frost).” This month later became known as “Adar” after the Babylonian Exile. The word “Adar” comes from the Akkadian word “adaru.” The month of Adar is mentioned in the Holy Scriptures in Esther 9:21. If the Twelfth Month ends prior to the arrival of the vernal equinox, a thirteenth month, a leap month called “Adar II” is added to make sure that the mo’edim do not move out of season.
The following are the holidays and special events that occur during the month of Adar:
- 13 of Adar – Fast of Esther – on 11 Adar when the 13th falls on Shabbat – (Fast Day)
- 14 of Adar – Purim
- 15 of Adar – Shushan Purim – the celebration of Purim in walled cities existing during the time of Joshua
The following are some of the significant events in Bnei Yisrael history which occurred during the month of Adar:
- Adar 1 – Ezekiel received a prophetic word from The Almighty against the Pharaoh of Egypt.
- Adar 2 – Jerusalem fell to the Babylonian Army.
- Adar 3 – The Second Holy Temple completed.
- Adar 7 – Death of Moses the Prophet.
- Adar 13 – The Yehudim of the Persian Empire defended themselves against their enemies who had planned their genocide.
- Adar 14 – Victory of the Yehudim over their enemies celebrated in the Persian Empire. This became the holiday known as Purim.
- Adar 23 – The Tabernacle was assembled for the first time. Levitical priests began training for tabernacle/temple service.
- Adar 25 – Death of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon.
- Adar 27 – King Jehoiachin of Yehudah freed from prison in Babylon by King Nebuchadnezzar’s successor, Evil-Merodach.
- Adar 29 – Last day of the ecclesiastical year!
For more information on the Twelfth Month, Adar, please watch our video, WATCH: Hebrew Calendar: The Twelfth Month – Adar.