Bnei Yisrael Society wishes all who remember and observe “Shanah Tovah U’metukah” (“A Good and Sweet Year”) beginning with the celebration of the biblical feast of Yom Teruah (“Day of Blasts”), known in modern times as “Rosh HaShanah” (“Head of the Year”). Yom Teruah is a biblical holiday The Almighty commanded B’nei Israel to commemorate annually on the first day of the Seventh Month (1st of Tishrei) with the blowing of shofars (“trumpets”) and a holy convocation (Leviticus 23:23-25). This day is the first of the High Holidays and work is forbidden. Yom Teruah, known alternatively as “Rosh HaShanah,” also marks the beginning of the civil year. The year number advances on Tishrei (Ethanim) 1; this upcoming new year will be 5781 according to the Hebrew calendar.
According to the Sages, both Adam and Eve were created on Rosh HaShanah; the holiday also marks the beginning of the 10-day period until Yom Kippur known as “Yamim Nora’im” (“Days of Awe”). Beginning on Yom Teruah, all creation goes on trial before The Almighty for judgment. During this 10-day period, all creation has the opportunity to petition The Almighty for a favorable judgment for the coming year – the verdict is sealed on Yom Kippur. The holiday, therefore, is a wake-up call for all of us to make every effort to improve our relationship with The Almighty, with each other and with His creation at large.
This year, Yom Teruah begins at sundown Friday, September 18, 2020, and ends sunset Sunday, September 20, 2020, on the Hebrew calendar. Chag Sameach! May you be inscribed in the Book of Life for a good year!
About this Month
Tishrei is the Seventh Month of the Hebrew calendar and the beginning of the civil year when the year number increments by one. According to the Holy Scriptures in 1 Kings 8:2, this month was previously known as Ethanim. The word “Ethanim” is a Canaanite-Phoenician word meaning “perpetual streams.” After the Babylonian Exile, the Seventh Month became known as “Tishrei” after the Babylonian Exile. The word “Tishrei” comes from the Akkadian word “tašrītu” which means “beginning.”
The following are the holidays and special events that occur during the month of Tishrei:
- Tishrei 1 – Yom Teruah/Rosh HaShanah
- Tishrei 3 – Tzom HaShevi’i/Tzom Gedaliah – Fast of the Seventh Month
- Tishrei 10 – Yom HaKippurim
- Tishrei 15-22 – Sukkot – Shemini Atzeret
The following are some of the significant events in Bnei Yisrael history which occurred during the month of Tishrei:
- Tishrei (Ethanim) 1 – Day 6 of the Creation of the World according to the narrative in Genesis.
- Tishrei (Ethanim) 1 – Mankind and land animals were created according to the narrative in Genesis.
- Tishrei (Ethanim) 1 – Ezra read the Torah before the congregation of returning exiles in Jerusalem.
- Tishrei (Ethanim) 1 – Resumption of burnt offerings in Jerusalem, after the end of the Babylonian Captivity.
- Tishrei (Ethanim) 3 – Assassination of Gedaliah, the Babylon-appointed Governor of Yehudah, which prompted King Nebuchadnezzar to dispatch more troops to destroy our capital city Jerusalem.
- Tishrei (Ethanim) 10 – Moses returned from his second 40-day sojourn on Mount Sinai, bearing the second set of tablets of the Ten Commandments and forgiveness from The Almighty for the Sin of the Golden Calf.
- Tishrei 10 (135 CE) – Death of scholar and sage Rabbi Akiva in Caesarea, Judea.
For more information on the Seventh Month, Tishrei (Ethanim), please watch our video, WATCH: Hebrew Calendar: The Seventh Month – Tishrei (Ethanim) – Mar 03 2020. For more information on Yom Teruah – Rosh HaShanah, please watch our video, Mo’edim: Yom Teruah/Rosh HaShanah – Day of Blasts/Shouting, Head of the Year #YomTeruah #RoshHaShanah.