Shalom, everyone! Rosh Chodesh Iyyar, the first day of the Second Month, also known as Ziv, begins sundown Thursday, April 23, 2020 on the Hebrew calendar, with the sighting of the new moon (first visible crescent). Rosh Chodesh Iyyar marks the continued counting of the Omer until the annual mo’ed of Shavuot, and Pesach Sheni (Second Passover) for those who did not have the opportunity to eat the Passover meal at its appointed time in the First Month (Nisan, Aviv). In the Northern Hemisphere, this month’s full moon is also called the “Pink Moon.” “Chodesh Tov” (“A Good Month”) from Bnei Yisrael Society to all who celebrate!
About This Month
The Second Month of the Hebrew calendar was first named “Ziv” in the Tanakh, where it is mentioned as the month during which King Solomon began building the Holy Temple in Jerusalem:
“In the four hundred and eightieth year after the Israelites left the land of Egypt, in the month of Ziv—that is, the second month—in the fourth year of his reign over Israel, Solomon began to build the House of the LORD,”~ 1 Kings 6:1
“Ziv” is a Hebrew word that has multiple meanings including “light” or “glow.” After the Babylonian Exile, the month of Ziv became known as “Iyyar.” The word “Iyyar” is from the Akkadian word “ayyaru“ meaning “Rosette” or “blossom.”
The following are the holidays and special events that occur during the month of Iyyar (Ziv):
- 14 of Iyyar (Ziv) – Pesach Sheni (Second Passover)
- All of Iyyar (Ziv) – Continued Sefirat HaOmer (Counting of the Omer)
The following are some of the significant events in Bnei Yisrael history which occurred during the month of Iyyar (Ziv):
- Iyyar (Ziv) – Solomon began building the First Holy Temple in Jerusalem.
- Iyyar (Ziv) 2 – The Almighty commanded Moses to take a census of all the men 20 years and older in the Nation of Yisrael.
- Iyyar (Ziv) 7 – Rebuilt walls of Jerusalem are dedicated, 88 years after being destroyed by the Babylonians.
- Iyyar (Ziv) 10 – Death of Eli the High Priest and his two sons, Hophni and Phinehas.
- Iyyar (Ziv) 14 – The divided kingdoms of Yisrael and Yehudah kept Pesach together in Jerusalem at King Hezekiah’s invitation.
- Iyyar (Ziv) 15 – Bnei Yisrael murmured against Moses and Aaron due to hunger in the wilderness.
- Iyyar (Ziv) 16 – The Almighty began feeding the Nation of Yisrael manna and quail, six days a week.
- Iyyar (Ziv) 20 – The Nation of Yisrael departed from their encampment near Mount Sinai, in the second year after the Exodus.
- Iyyar (Ziv) 28 – Death of the prophet Samuel.
For more information on the Second Month, Iyyar (Ziv), please watch our video, WATCH: Hebrew Calendar: The Second Month – Iyyar (Ziv) – Mar 03 2020.